RIVER CHANNELS

Bugsko-Dneprovskiy Lymansky Channel (BDLC) and Kherson Sea Channel (KSC)

The Bugsko-Dneprovskiy Lymansky Channel (BDLC) begins at Berezan Island in the Black Sea stretching 44 miles up to the Nikolaev Mer­chant Sea Port. The channel consists of 13 bends, 6 of which lie within the Dneprovskiy Estuary and the rest along the Yuzhniy Bug river. The chan­nel is 100 meters wide. Official maximum draft in the chan­nel is 10.3 m.

The channel connects the merchant sea ports of Nikolaev, Oktyabrsk and Dnepro-Bugskiy, Nikolaev river port and other cargo transfer complexes of Nikolaev with the Black Sea.

At the junction point of the 5th and 6th bends of BDLC, the Kherson Sea Channel (KSC) branches off. This branch channel connects Kherson Merchant Sea Port with the Black Sea. It has 3 bends and is 21.3 miles long and 100 m wide. Official maximum draft in the chan­nel is 7.6 m.

Since 1999 the state enterprise Delta-Pilot has been in charge of managing both BDLC and Kherson Sea Channel.

In the area of BDLC and Kherson Sea Channel the regional VTS of state enterprise Delta-Pilot is operative. It includes posts Ocha­kov, Russkaya Kosa, Shirokaya Balka. VTS centre provides services on vessels traffic, assists in navigation and supplies with information.


THE DNEPR

The Dnepr River, known in ancient times as Borisphen and Slavutich, is the third longest river in Europe after the Volga and the Danube. Its natural length is 2,285 km. The chain of water reservoirs that straightened its fairway changed the length of the river to 2,175 km. and its basin’s area to 504,000 sq. km.

The Dnepr starts at the Valday highlands 75 km from the town of Viazma, 252 m above sea level. It flows into the Dneprovskiy estuary in the Black Sea.

It runs 485 km through Russia’s territory, 595 km through Belorussia (115 km of which is the natural border with Ukraine), and 1,090 km through Ukraine’s territory.

Ice covers the river in December and melts in March-April.

Its main tributaries are, on the left, the Sula, Psel, and Vorskla; and, on the right, the Pripyat, and the Inhulets.

The Dnepr is connected with the Western Dvina via the Berezina water system; with the Neman via the Dnepro-Neman water system, and with the Bug via the Dnepro-Bug water system.

The Dnepr-Krivoy Rog channel and the North Crimea irrigation system start from the Dnepr.

By means of complex hydro constructions, the Dnepr was turned into a deep waterway with an average depth of 3.6 m in the fairway. Navigation in the Dnepr extends 1990 km from its mouth to the town of Dorogobuzh in Russia.

Many hydropower stations and water reser­voirs have been built on the Dnepr, such as: Dnepr, Kakhovka, Kremenchug, Dneprodzer-zhinsk, Kiev and Kanev. Along the Dnepr, 5 ship locks ensure navigation practically through­out the whole basin. The hydrologic area of Zaporozhye is of special interest because it has a three chamber lock built in 1933 and a one chamber lock put into operation in 1980. The latter is one of the most unique high pressure hy­dro constructions in the world. The water pres­sure exceeds 40 m there.

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