Wetland Status. The medium to light green leaves are multi-lobed, serrated, and like those of the maple, are aesthetic in form. It also provides good cover and nesting sites for birds and small mammals. Planting. It is a highly specialized pathogen that forms a close association with the host. Beds and borders, Cottage/Informal, Foliage only, Hedging/Screens, Low Maintenance, Woodland. Rubus, derived from ruber, a latin word for red, is the genus of plants generally called brambles. The shiny dark green leaves have 3-5 large pointy-toothed lobes, with star shaped hairs on the lower surface. Medicinal Uses: The Nuxalk, Coast Salish and Kwakwakawakw made tea from a stick with the outer … It is a highly specialized pathogen that forms a close association with the host. The Pacific ninebark (Physocarpus capitatus) is a most impressive plant. The straighter shoots were then used to make arrows. These usually prickly plants make impenetrable thickets where small animals find secure cover. We are constantly updating our plant descriptions to better serve you. Reports vary on the berries’ flavor from “insipid” or “inferior” to “juicy with a very good flavor” or “tasty.”  It is likely that differences in taste are due to variations within the species or the relative ripeness of each berry. The common name Salmonberry is thought to have come from the natives’ fondness for eating the berries with salmon roe, but it could also be due to the orangy-pink color of the berries. Its white flowers in late spring to early summer blooms make a distinctive visual contrast to the dark purple foliage (shown in photo). WTU Herbarium Image Collection, Plants of Washington, Burke Museum, E-Flora BC, Electronic Atlas of the Flora of British Columbia, USDA Forest Service-Fire Effects Information System, Native Plants Network, Propagation Protocol Database, Native American Ethnobotany, University of Michigan, Dearborn. It provides cover for wildlife and erosion control, and has attractive white flowers in late spring. It’s a great nectar source for many insects, including bees and butterflies. Pollinator(s): Bees, butterflies This small tree is still a beautiful sight with its complex bark. } Mostly container seedlings, not widely available. Genus Physocarpus are bushy deciduous suckering shrubs with palmately lobed leaves and corymbs of small cream flowers in early summer, followed by small, bladdery brown fruits **Use of articles and photos on this site is permitted for educational purposes only. The Nuxalk and Coast Salish Native Americans use it this way by making a tea from the outer bark[1]. document.write(''); It is found in the Coast Ranges and the Sierras. Young sprouts were also an important food for natives in early spring and summer; they were peeled, eaten raw or steamed. It is a highly specialized pathogen that forms a close association with the host. Pacific ninebark, Physocarpus capitatus – this native shrub is used mostly in its home state, California, for natural gardens, especially in wet soil and along streams. Click here to browse or search the plants in this database. It has long trailing branches that create shady nooks along shorelines and in upland forests. About Sharp-tailed Snakes ; About Blue-grey Taildroppers ; About Bats Pacific ninebark provides good cover and nesting sites for birds and small mammals but has low palatability when browsed by deer, elk” Material Uses: The Nuu-chah-nulth made bows and small items from the wood for children. Pacific ninebark’s fibrous roots make it particularly valuable for stream bank and lakeshore stabilization. Many species use Pacific Ninebark for forage and habitat, and the shrub also has ornamental value: Its long, arching branches are covered with clusters of small, white flowers in late spring. The foliage emerges in early spring and is a bright, fresh green. [1] Equity Equity: Cultural and Historical Significance "It has ornamental value for the wild garden or open woodland. Diagnostic Characters:  The arching stems of Salmonberry have golden-brown, shedding bark, similar to Pacific Ninebark. "Pacific ninebark provides good cover and nesting sites for birds and small mammals but has low palatability when browsed by deer, elk and bear." The reddish papery bark peels off in long thin layers giving rise to the common name. Physocarpus capitatus (Pacific ninebark) will reach a height of 2.5m and a spread of 2.5m after 5-10 years. The Pacific ninebark has many uses. Although often thought of as a wetland plant, it is drought tolerant. Pacific ninebark is a deciduous shrub in the Rose Family that grows from 2-4 metres with arching branches. It grows profusely on Vancouver Island forming very dense stands, they grow to 10 meters in height and get quite wide. Traditionally a green shrub with flowers and exfoliating bark, recent releases have brought ninebark new foliage colors. Propagation:  Stratify seeds warm for 90 days then cold at 40º F (4º C) for 90 days. Planting. Rubus is considered taxonomically complex due to frequent hybridization and a high degree of polyploidy. Physocarpus Capitatus Pacific Ninebark A member of the Rose family, Pacific Ninebark grows mostly at low elevations — in open forests, along creeks, and in damp shrubby places. Named ninebark because the bark sheds off in thin strips revealing more layers of bark underneath. Ninebark is a new residential community developed by Killian Pacific on nearly nine acres along the Columbia River waterfront in Southwest Washington. Cultivation. and northern Idaho. Deciduous shrubs include blue elderberry, Indian plum, mock orange, Nootka rose, oceanspray, tall Oregon grape, Pacific ninebark, red elderberry, red flowering currant, red osier dogwood, serviceberry, snowberry, thimbleberry and twinberry. Pacific Ninebark is a large deciduous shrub that can grow to 15’ in both height and width. Also … Some of which are bows for children, knitting needles, and other small items. The fruits are raspberry-like with a hollow core, ranging from yellow to orange-red. Western Maidenhair Fern, Adiantum aleuticum. Conditions that favor the host also favor the pathogen. The Pacific ninebark (Physocarpus capitatus) is a most impressive plant. It has showy white flowering clusters in early summer and fantastic golden-orange fall color. Pacific ninebark is extremely beneficial to wildlife. Many indigenous tribes of Canada and America use parts of the Pacific ninebark shrub in their traditional medicine as an emetic, purgative, laxative and also to cure scrofulous sores on the neck, and gonorrhea. Its dense root system makes it useful in stream-side stabilization. Family Rosaceae . Ninebark is a graceful shrub or small tree with upright but arching dark brown stems. Phenology: Bloom time:  April-May. Preparations of the bark were used on wounds, especially burns. Planting InstructionsPrepare the garden bed by using a garden fork or tiller to loosen the soil to a depth of 12 to 15 inches, then mix in a 2- to 4-inch layer of compost. Pacific ninebark, Physocarpus capitatus. Conditions that favor the host also favor the pathogen. After it's established, ninebark is drought-tolerant. Many are grown commercially and several cultivated varieties are prized for their large, juicy berries, including Boysenberries, Loganberries, and Marionberries. According to the Washington Native Plant Society (UW Press) Page 258. Portland-based development firm Killian Pacific has announced plans for a 242-unit apartment project called Ninebark, located next to the Parker’s … It provides cover for wildlife and erosion control, and has attractive white flowers in late spring. The leaves are green and have 3 distinctive lobes, resembling those of red maple. Choosing a site to grow ninebarksNinebark grows best in acidic, well-drained soil in full sun to partial shade, but is adaptable to many soil conditions. : moist - wet Exposure req. Some of which are bows for children, knitting needles, and other small items. It grows profusely on Vancouver Island forming very dense stands, they grow to 10 meters in height and get quite wide. nana, grows 5 feet wide and tall. Ongoing CareWater regularly until established. The so-called compact ninebark used in breeding medium-sized shrubs, P. opulifolius var. Flowers emerge in late spring and are attractive to bees and butterflies. Leaf margins are serrated. Tough shrub that handles a wide range of conditions. Best planted in moist but well-drained, neutral to acid soil. Synonyms Physocarpus opulifolius 'Tilden Park' . According to the Washington Native Plant Society (UW Press) Page 258. It is a dense deciduous shrub growing to 1 to 2.5 meters tall. The wood of Pacific Ninebark has been used to make small items such as children’s bows and knitting needles. Pacific Ninebark prefers moist soils, and is often found growing along streams, lakes and wetlands. It has ornamental value for the wild garden or open woodland. Facts: Physocarpus. There are about 200 species native to North America. Salmonberry stems, although largely unarmed, can range from having scattered prickles to being very bristly. Mallow ninebark, Physocarpus malvaceus – also from the West, this shrub is noted for being able to regenerate from the roots after fire. Historical and contemporary uses: Pacific ninebark has been used medicinally as a laxative, and to treat gonorrhea and sores. Height: 13 ft. Pacific ninebark provides good cover and nesting sites for birds and small mammals but has low palatability when browsed by deer, elk” Material Uses: The Nuu-chah-nulth made bows and small items from the wood for children. Pacific ninebark has small white flowers in 2–3” rounded cluster from May to June. This native food can be eaten raw in salads or steamed like other cooked greens. Pacific Ninebark is native to the Pacific Northwest, from Alaska to California and as far east as Montana. Capitatus means having a head, referring to its dense flower or fruit cluster. Smaller twigs zigzag slightly from node to node. In the Landscape: Pacific Ninebark is a valuable shrub in a wild garden but could also be used at the back of a shrub bed in a more traditional landscape. Each inflorescence produces a large rounded cluster composed of 20-40 small white flowers with long yellowish brown stamen. Plants must be … Pacific Waterleaf is a little-known, native vegetable with hearty edible leaves, stems and rhizomes and tufts of bell-shaped white to lavender flowers. "Pacific ninebark provides good cover and nesting sites for birds and small mammals but has low palatability when browsed by deer, elk and bear." Ninebark will raise the bar with a nature-oriented, carefully designed new riverfront community in Washougal. Use by Wildlife: The pinkish-purple flowers of Salmonberry are attractive to Rufous Hummingbirds as they are migrating north. Pacific Ninebark is one of our favorite native plants to use in restoration projects. Physocarpus capitatusRound clusters of white flowers cover long arching branches from late spring to early summer. Physocarpus capitatus (Pacific Ninebark) is a species in the Rosaceae (Rose) family native to western North America from southern Alaska east to Montana and Utah, and south to central California. A tea made from the bark was used for a purgative; and medicinal preparations were… Pacific ninebark prefers moist to wet places such as stream banks, swamps, lake margins, coastal marshes and moist woods. The Cowichan made knitting needles using the materials from the plant. Pacific Ninebark prefers moist soils, and is often found growing along streams, lakes and wetlands. The brambles rank at the very top of summer foods for wildlife, especially birds: grouse, pigeons, quail, grosbeaks, jays, robins, thrushes, towhees, waxwings, sparrows, to name just a few. Also can be grown from 1-year old cuttings. Bear, beaver and marmots eat fruit, bark and twigs. Grow in full sun along the coast or at high elevations. The epithet spectabilis means spectacular due to Salmonberry’s showy flowers and fruits. Relationships:    Rubus is a large genus with between 400 and 750 species. Rubus spectabilis Pursh. Special features of ninebarksDart's golden ninebark (Physocarpus opulifolius 'Dart's golden') - is a more compact shrub with light striking yellow spring foliage fading to a chartreuse yellow-green in summer. Salmonberry                              The Rose Family—Rosaceae. Leaf margins are serrated. Do not ingest this plant, as all parts of the ninebark are known to be poisonous. The bark is flaky and peels away in many layers. It can be found in drier, semi-open or open habitats, as it … Ninebark displays peeling reddish bark in Winter and greets each Spring with bright maple-like green leaves and showy clusters of creamy-white flowers with long pink stamens. 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